Here’s a look at the six most critical application security risks that anyone could encounter today, in the age of aggressive cyber threats, malware attacks, virus protection tool etc…
Let’s begin with security configuration related issues…
Well, this is important, critically important. If there is a security misconfiguration, that is, if your security configuration is not properly set up or outdated, it could cause serious risks. A hacker can get access to your application functions and your data. To avoid this, go for repeatable, testable hardening process and never forget to do software patching and regular updating.
Next comes cross-site scripting or XSS
Cross-site scripting or XSS enables attackers to inject client-side scripts into the web pages that are viewed by other users. Attackers can use a cross-site scripting vulnerability to bypass access controls and steal data.
Insecure direct object references too cause serious security threat
Insecure direct object references could lead to unauthorized access of data. Such direct object references happen when any developer exposes a reference to an internal implementation object, for example, a file, a directory or a database key, and attackers are able to manipulate these references to access data.
Exposure of sensitive data due to improper encryption causes serious threats
This, again, is serious. When improper encryption causes sensitive data, like for example payment credentials or sensitive personal information, to be leaked, it could land any company in a big mess.
Remember, you could face security issues by using components with known vulnerabilities
Hackers can gain entry very easily if you tend to use components with known vulnerabilities. Thus it becomes important that you keep track of the software versions used in your application and also monitor the security of your components through public notifications.
Improper authentication and session management practices could cause serious security issues
Hackers can make use of security flaws caused by improper authentication or session management practices, which could reveal to them very sensitive information including passwords. This stresses on the need for proper user management and authentication.
In addition to these, there are other major application security risks as well, including injections, cross-site request forgery, unvalidated redirects & forwards etc.